Old or uncontrolled Cases with diabetes have an increased risk of serious foot problems. Diabetes gives lots of affects on Body. The more prominent is the decreased blood flow of feet and legs which also leads to nerve damage, and in severe cases complete loss of feeling in feet and legs. Across the world , around 9% of the population above the age of 18 have diabetes. The most commonly affected population is low and middle income people.
The root cause of diabetic foot problems is uncontrolled blood sugar. Over time, high blood sugar damages your nerves and circulatory system, leading to diabetic neuropathy and other vascular complaints. These conditions, in turn, can lead to further feet and leg problems.
Diabetic foot wounds may lead to deeper infection, pus collections (abscesses), and bone infection. As normal sensation of feet is lost patients don’t realize that they have infection..Because of this Delay in taking treatment leads to in many cases to Amputation (partial foot, whole foot, or below-knee). This will be the discretion of your Physician to go for Amputation to prevent the infection to spread and become a life threatening.
The problem in Blood flow or nerve damage may lead to :
For patients with diabetes, it's necessary to treat injuries, small wounds etc. immediately once they get detected. In normal these wounds or injuries occurs at the base of feet. Diabetic foot treatment generally follows a line of Treatment :
If wound is more critical or severe then specially designed footwear or braces or as per the required body part specially design supportive wearable used to relieve the pressure and increase the pain healing.
When Nonsurgical treatments becomes in effective or not producing desired results , then your doctor may consider Surgery Like :
Apart from the disorder itself, risk factors for diabetic foot problems include:
If you are Diabetic you have to take care of your Feet more than others.